Apr 17, 2017 · Childhood cerebral ALD mainly affects children between 3 and 10 years old. It progresses very rapidly and causes severe disability and even death. Adrenomyelopathy primarily affects adult men. It Author: Amanda Delgado And Elizabeth Boskey, Phd.
What are the clinical symptoms of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy? There are a wide range of clinical severities of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD), and these have been classified into six broad categories: childhood cerebral ALD, adolescent cerebral ALD, adult cerebral, adrenomyeloneuropathy, adrenal insufficiency-only, and symptomatic heterozygotes.
Older patients affected with the cerebral form will present with similar symptoms. Untreated, cerebral ALD is characterized by progressive demyelination leading to a vegetative state and death. Adult males with an adrenomyeloneuropathy presentation typically present initially with muscle stiffness, paraparesis and sexual dysfunction.Pronunciation: /-ˌljuːkoʊˈdɪstrəfi/.
For adult AMN patients with brain MRI abnormalities, the lesions usually limit to long tracts or present as diffuse lobar involvement resembling those in child ALD (Kumar et al., 1995). In adult cerebral ALD with no preceding AMN, the white matter signal hyperintensities are generally diffuse without the typical occipital or frontal pattern.Cited by: 2.